This course will provide an overview of Hindu and Muslim traditions, rituals, and practices with a focus on India and South Asia. While the course has an emphasis on present day South Asia in a globalizing world, we will explore the uniqueness of these religions in their Indian setting. We will however branch out, when necessary, to make comparisons to Hinduism and Islam elsewhere, and explore their history in order to fully grasp the development of these religious communities, as well as related religions, such as Sufism, Sikhism and Jainism. We will discuss dynamics between the different religious communities in South Asia, and their relevance to the Western world. No knowledge of Hindi or Urdu is required, taught in English.