Departmental Advisors
Trans./University
N. Cotter
MEB 2270
Undergraduate Studies Office/Director of Advising
A. Rasmussen
MEB 2268
Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Advisor
Anna Sherrod
MEB 2266B
Computer Engineering Undergraduate Advisor
Will Turner
MEB 2266C
Graduate Advisor
John Bolke
MEB 2266A
Departmental Notes

For course descriptions and pre-requisite information click on the subject column next to the appropriate catalog number.

ALL STUDENTS TAKING ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING LABS MUST PURCHASE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS. For course descriptions and pre-requisite information click on the subject column next to the appropriate catalog number. THIS DEPARTMENT ENFORCES UNDERGRADUATE PREREQUISITES. Please note that the registration system may not factor in transfer work when determining if prerequisites have been met. If you are unable to register for a course and think you have met the prerequisite(s), please fill out the Registration Permission Code request form found on our website at http://www.ece.utah.edu/ . You may be administratively dropped from a course if the prerequisite has not been met.

ECE 1050 - 001 Matlab for ECE Design


This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 001 Matlab for ECE Design

  • Class Number: 11700
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 10

This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 002 Matlab for ECE Design


This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 002 Matlab for ECE Design

  • Class Number: 11714
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 003 Matlab for ECE Design


This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 003 Matlab for ECE Design

  • Class Number: 11715
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 004 Matlab for ECE Design


This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 004 Matlab for ECE Design

  • Class Number: 11716
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 6

This is the Matlab section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1245 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1050 - 005 Matlab for ECE Design

ECE 1050 - 005 Matlab for ECE Design

  • Class Number: 14520
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 1050 - 006 Matlab for ECE Design


This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 1050 - 006 Matlab for ECE Design

  • Class Number: 19993
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 9

This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 1240 - 001 Circuits & Systems I

ECE 1240 - 001 Circuits & Systems I

  • Class Number: 8790
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 11

ECE 1240 - 003 Circuits & Systems I

ECE 1240 - 003 Circuits & Systems I

  • Class Number: 14543
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

ECE 1245 - 001 Circuits & Sys I Lab


This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 001 Circuits & Sys I Lab

  • Class Number: 11701
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 4

This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 002 Circuits & Sys I Lab


This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 002 Circuits & Sys I Lab

  • Class Number: 11717
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 7

This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 003 Circuits & Sys I Lab


This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 003 Circuits & Sys I Lab

  • Class Number: 11718
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 5

This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 004 Circuits & Sys I Lab


This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 004 Circuits & Sys I Lab

  • Class Number: 11719
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 4

This is the laboratory section for ECE 1240. If you have not taken this course before, you will also need to sign up for a section of ECE 1050 and the lecture ECE 1240 as co-requisites. It is highly recommended that students register for the same section number for ECE 1050 and ECE 1245 since they will be held consecutively.

ECE 1245 - 005 Circuits & Sys I Lab

ECE 1245 - 005 Circuits & Sys I Lab

  • Class Number: 14521
  • Instructor: FURSE, CYNTHIA M
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 1245 - 006 Circuits & Sys I Lab


This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 1245 - 006 Circuits & Sys I Lab

  • Class Number: 19994
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 0.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 9

This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 1900 - 003 Intro to ECE

ECE 1900 - 003 Intro to ECE

  • Class Number: 14342
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Seminar
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $10.00
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 2200 - 001 El/CP En Civil Engin


Sections 4, 5, 7, and 8 belong to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. This class meets with ECE 2210-001 for the first half of the semester. Please fill out the Registration Permission Code request form found on the ECE Dept. website at http://www.ece.utah.edu/ if you cannot add the class because it is full.

ECE 2200 - 001 El/CP En Civil Engin

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.5
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $17.50
  • Seats Available: 3

Sections 4, 5, 7, and 8 belong to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. This class meets with ECE 2210-001 for the first half of the semester. Please fill out the Registration Permission Code request form found on the ECE Dept. website at http://www.ece.utah.edu/ if you cannot add the class because it is full.

ECE 2200 - 004 El/CP En Civil Engin

ECE 2200 - 004 El/CP En Civil Engin

  • Class Number: 11987
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 1

ECE 2200 - 005 El/CP En Civil Engin

ECE 2200 - 005 El/CP En Civil Engin

  • Class Number: 10499
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 3

ECE 2200 - 007 El/CP En Civil Engin

ECE 2200 - 007 El/CP En Civil Engin

  • Class Number: 12450
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 2200 - 008 El/CP En Civil Engin

ECE 2200 - 008 El/CP En Civil Engin

  • Class Number: 13375
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: -1

ECE 2200 - 009 El/CP En Civil Engin

ECE 2200 - 009 El/CP En Civil Engin

  • Class Number: 16698
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 2210 - 001 El/CP En For Nonmajors


Sections 2 - 7 belong to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. This class meets with ECE 2200-001 for the first half of the semester. Please fill out the Registration Permission Code request form found on the ECE Dept. website at http://www.ece.utah.edu/ if you cannot add the class because it is full. This is a split attendance class, where students will be assigned to attend one or more of the times listed in the schedule. Students will receive additional content through technology.

ECE 2210 - 001 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 32

Sections 2 - 7 belong to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. This class meets with ECE 2200-001 for the first half of the semester. Please fill out the Registration Permission Code request form found on the ECE Dept. website at http://www.ece.utah.edu/ if you cannot add the class because it is full. This is a split attendance class, where students will be assigned to attend one or more of the times listed in the schedule. Students will receive additional content through technology.

ECE 2210 - 002 El/CP En For Nonmajors

ECE 2210 - 002 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number: 2599
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 2

ECE 2210 - 003 El/CP En For Nonmajors

ECE 2210 - 003 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number: 2600
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

ECE 2210 - 004 El/CP En For Nonmajors

ECE 2210 - 004 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number: 8974
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 12

ECE 2210 - 005 El/CP En For Nonmajors

ECE 2210 - 005 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number: 10455
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 1

ECE 2210 - 006 El/CP En For Nonmajors

ECE 2210 - 006 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number: 12378
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 1

ECE 2210 - 009 El/CP En For Nonmajors

ECE 2210 - 009 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number: 14644
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

ECE 2210 - 010 El/CP En For Nonmajors

ECE 2210 - 010 El/CP En For Nonmajors

  • Class Number: 16773
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 2240 - 001 Circuits & Systems II


This course requires registration for a lab section, ECE 2245. Students must register for both the lecture, ECE 2240, and the lab, ECE 2245, to meet co-requisites.

ECE 2240 - 001 Circuits & Systems II

  • Class Number: 1249
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 25

This course requires registration for a lab section, ECE 2245. Students must register for both the lecture, ECE 2240, and the lab, ECE 2245, to meet co-requisites.

ECE 2245 - 001 Circuits & Sys II Lab

ECE 2245 - 001 Circuits & Sys II Lab

  • Class Number: 15918
  • Instructor: VERKLER, AMY V
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 1.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 1

ECE 2245 - 003 Circuits & Sys II Lab

ECE 2245 - 003 Circuits & Sys II Lab

  • Class Number: 15920
  • Instructor: VERKLER, AMY V
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 2245 - 004 Circuits & Sys II Lab

ECE 2245 - 004 Circuits & Sys II Lab

  • Class Number: 15921
  • Instructor: VERKLER, AMY V
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: -1

ECE 2245 - 005 Circuits & Sys II Lab

ECE 2245 - 005 Circuits & Sys II Lab

  • Class Number: 15922
  • Instructor: VERKLER, AMY V
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 2245 - 006 Circuits & Sys II Lab


This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 2245 - 006 Circuits & Sys II Lab

  • Class Number: 20054
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 8

This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 2280 - 001 Circuits & Systems III


This course requires a corequisite with an ECE 2285 section which is the lab section for this course. Make sure to signup first for ECE 2285 before signing up for ECE 2280. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 2280 - 001 Circuits & Systems III

  • Class Number: 15964
  • Instructor: YOUNG, DARRIN J
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $42.35
  • Seats Available: 4

This course requires a corequisite with an ECE 2285 section which is the lab section for this course. Make sure to signup first for ECE 2285 before signing up for ECE 2280. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 2285 - 001 Circuits & Sys III Lab


This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280.

ECE 2285 - 001 Circuits & Sys III Lab

  • Class Number: 15916
  • Instructor: YOUNG, DARRIN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 7

This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280.

ECE 2285 - 002 Circuits & Sys III Lab


This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280.

ECE 2285 - 002 Circuits & Sys III Lab

  • Class Number: 15917
  • Instructor: YOUNG, DARRIN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 7

This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280.

ECE 2285 - 003 Circuits & Sys III Lab


This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280.

ECE 2285 - 003 Circuits & Sys III Lab

  • Class Number: 15956
  • Instructor: YOUNG, DARRIN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 12

This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280.

ECE 2285 - 004 Circuits & Sys III Lab


This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280

ECE 2285 - 004 Circuits & Sys III Lab

  • Class Number: 18631
  • Instructor: YOUNG, DARRIN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 4

This is the required laboratory component for ECE 2280. Students need to register for both ECE 2285 and ECE 2280

ECE 2285 - 006 Circuits & Sys III Lab


This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 2285 - 006 Circuits & Sys III Lab

  • Class Number: 20055
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $35.00
  • Seats Available: 5

This class meets August 15-19 from 8 am-5 pm. Students are required to attend each class session until all lab work is complete. Please email Angela.rasmussen@utah.edu with questions. To determine the last day to drop this miscellaneous course, see http://registrar.utah.edu/handbook/miscellaneous.php. The following prerequisites are required: (ECE 1240 prerequisite for ECE 1245 and ECE 1050; ECE 2240 prerequisite for ECE 2245; ECE 3300 prerequisite for ECE 3305).

ECE 3030 - 001 Comms & Wrtg for Engrs


This is a split attendance class, where students will be assigned to attend one or more of the times listed in the schedule. Students will receive additional content through technology.

ECE 3030 - 001 Comms & Wrtg for Engrs

  • Class Number: 8926
  • Instructor: LENART, JOSHUA B
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 10

This is a split attendance class, where students will be assigned to attend one or more of the times listed in the schedule. Students will receive additional content through technology.

ECE 3200 - 001 Intro Semicond Phys

ECE 3200 - 001 Intro Semicond Phys

  • Class Number: 11632
  • Instructor: SCARPULLA, MICHAEL A
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

ECE 3200 - 002 Intro Semicond Phys

ECE 3200 - 002 Intro Semicond Phys

  • Class Number: 15923
  • Instructor: SCARPULLA, MICHAEL A
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 19

ECE 3300 - 002 Fund Electromagnetics


This is the lecture section, please also sign up for 3305 lab section. This is a Hybrid course, which uses a mixture of online, face-to-face, and technology enhanced instruction. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3300 - 002 Fund Electromagnetics

  • Class Number: 15915
  • Instructor: SIMPSON, JAMESINA J
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Hybrid
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $32.94
  • Seats Available: 22

This is the lecture section, please also sign up for 3305 lab section. This is a Hybrid course, which uses a mixture of online, face-to-face, and technology enhanced instruction. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3300 - 090 Fund Electromagnetics


This is the lecture section, please also sign up for 3305 lab section. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3300 - 090 Fund Electromagnetics

  • Class Number: 1251
  • Instructor: SIMPSON, JAMESINA J
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $32.94
  • Seats Available: 42

This is the lecture section, please also sign up for 3305 lab section. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 001 Fund Electromag Lab


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 001 Fund Electromag Lab

  • Class Number: 14132
  • Instructor: SIMPSON, JAMESINA J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $82.94
  • Seats Available: 7

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 002 Fund Electromag Lab


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 002 Fund Electromag Lab

  • Class Number: 18510
  • Instructor: SIMPSON, JAMESINA J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $82.94
  • Seats Available: 5

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 003 Fund Electromag Lab


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 003 Fund Electromag Lab

  • Class Number: 14133
  • Instructor: SIMPSON, JAMESINA J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $82.94
  • Seats Available: 11

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 004 Fund Electromag Lab


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 004 Fund Electromag Lab

  • Class Number: 14134
  • Instructor: SIMPSON, JAMESINA J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $82.94
  • Seats Available: 7

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 005 Fund Electromag Lab


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3305 - 005 Fund Electromag Lab

  • Class Number: 14465
  • Instructor: SIMPSON, JAMESINA J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $82.94
  • Seats Available: 8

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3500 - 001 Fund Signals/Systems

ECE 3500 - 001 Fund Signals/Systems

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: JI, MINGYUE
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 24

ECE 3500 - 002 Fund Signals/Systems

ECE 3500 - 002 Fund Signals/Systems

  • Class Number: 1494
  • Instructor: JI, MINGYUE
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 6

ECE 3500 - 003 Fund Signals/Systems

ECE 3500 - 003 Fund Signals/Systems

  • Class Number: 4162
  • Instructor: JI, MINGYUE
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 10

ECE 3500 - 004 Fund Signals/Systems

ECE 3500 - 004 Fund Signals/Systems

  • Class Number: 4582
  • Instructor: JI, MINGYUE
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 3

ECE 3510 - 001 Intro To Feedback Sys


Section 2 belongs to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture when registering for the pertinent lab section.

ECE 3510 - 001 Intro To Feedback Sys

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: STOLP, ARN
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $40.00
  • Seats Available: 11

Section 2 belongs to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture when registering for the pertinent lab section.

ECE 3510 - 002 Intro To Feedback Sys

ECE 3510 - 002 Intro To Feedback Sys

  • Class Number: 19265
  • Instructor: STOLP, ARN
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 11

ECE 3530 - 002 Eng Prob Stats


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3530 - 002 Eng Prob Stats

  • Class Number: 13047
  • Instructor: XIANG, YU
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Fees: $32.94
  • Seats Available: 1

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3530 - 003 Eng Prob Stats

ECE 3530 - 003 Eng Prob Stats

  • Class Number: 18909
  • Instructor: CHEN, RONG-RONG
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Seats Available: 7

ECE 3600 - 001 Intro to Elec Eng Power

ECE 3600 - 001 Intro to Elec Eng Power

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: STOLP, ARN
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 21

ECE 3600 - 002 Intro to Elec Eng Power

ECE 3600 - 002 Intro to Elec Eng Power

  • Class Number: 6457
  • Instructor: STOLP, ARN
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $50.00
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 3600 - 003 Intro to Elec Eng Power

ECE 3600 - 003 Intro to Elec Eng Power

  • Class Number: 19767
  • Instructor: STOLP, ARN
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $50.00
  • Seats Available: 21

ECE 3700 - 001 Digital System Design


https://www.amazon.com/Fundamentals-Digital-Logic-Verilog-Design/dp/0073380547

ECE 3700 - 001 Digital System Design

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: Yu, Cunxi
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $60.00
  • Seats Available: 6

https://www.amazon.com/Fundamentals-Digital-Logic-Verilog-Design/dp/0073380547

ECE 3700 - 002 Digital System Design

ECE 3700 - 002 Digital System Design

  • Class Number: 13681
  • Instructor: Yu, Cunxi
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 7

ECE 3700 - 004 Digital System Design

ECE 3700 - 004 Digital System Design

  • Class Number: 16263
  • Instructor: Yu, Cunxi
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 6

ECE 3700 - 005 Digital System Design

ECE 3700 - 005 Digital System Design

  • Class Number: 16262
  • Instructor: Yu, Cunxi
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 7

ECE 3710 - 001 Computer Design Lab


Laboratories scheduled first week of class.

ECE 3710 - 001 Computer Design Lab

  • Class Number: 3545
  • Instructor: BRUNVAND, ERIK L
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $60.00
  • Seats Available: 11

Laboratories scheduled first week of class.

ECE 3740 - 002 Intro To Quantum & Rel


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3740 - 002 Intro To Quantum & Rel

  • Class Number: 18947
  • Instructor: BARTHELEMY, RAMON
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $61.16
  • Seats Available: 8

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 3810 - 002 Computer Organization

ECE 3810 - 002 Computer Organization

  • Class Number: 14337
  • Instructor: BURTSEV, ANTON
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 3900 - 001 Junior Seminar

ECE 3900 - 001 Junior Seminar

  • Class Number: 19168
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Component: Seminar
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Seats Available: 70

ECE 3970 - 008 Undergraduate Research

ECE 3970 - 008 Undergraduate Research

  • Class Number: 12086
  • Instructor: KIM, HANSEUP
  • Component: Independent Study
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 2.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 1

ECE 3970 - 022 Undergraduate Research

ECE 3970 - 022 Undergraduate Research

  • Class Number: 17248
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Independent Study
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0 - 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 3970 - 023 Undergraduate Research

ECE 3970 - 023 Undergraduate Research

  • Class Number: 19976
  • Instructor: DREW, DANIEL S
  • Component: Independent Study
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0 - 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 2

ECE 3970 - 024 Undergraduate Research

ECE 3970 - 024 Undergraduate Research

  • Class Number: 19977
  • Instructor: YOUNG, DARRIN J
  • Component: Independent Study
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0 - 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 2

ECE 3980 - 090 Independent Project

ECE 3980 - 090 Independent Project

  • Class Number: 12866
  • Instructor: DAVIES, JONATHAN B
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Special Topics
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 10

ECE 3990 - 090 Cooperative Educ


Students are expected to attend their internships as contracted with their employers. https://www.ece.utah.edu/co-op-internship

ECE 3990 - 090 Cooperative Educ

  • Class Number: 1505
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Practicum
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 1.0 - 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: -14

Students are expected to attend their internships as contracted with their employers. https://www.ece.utah.edu/co-op-internship

ECE 3991 - 001 CE Junior Seminar

ECE 3991 - 001 CE Junior Seminar

  • Class Number: 4364
  • Instructor: BERZINS, MARTIN
  • Instructor: CARP, SHERI L
  • Component: Seminar
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 14

ECE 4710 - 001 Comptr Eng Sr Project

ECE 4710 - 001 Comptr Eng Sr Project

  • Class Number: 3909
  • Instructor: STEVENS, KENNETH S
  • Component: Special Projects
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: -1

ECE 4900 - 001 Senior Thesis I


This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/ Students will be completing work asynchronously online. Students will also be arranging weekly days/times/locations with assigned project groups and instructor. in person type, days/times/locations to be arranged by instructor. Note that students are expected to arrange a minimum of 12 hours/week to their project work. This time commitment will be set as a contract at the beginning of the semester.

ECE 4900 - 001 Senior Thesis I

  • Class Number: 1253
  • Instructor: RASMUSSEN, ANGELA
  • Component: Special Projects
  • Type: Hybrid
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $50.00
  • Seats Available: 21

This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/ Students will be completing work asynchronously online. Students will also be arranging weekly days/times/locations with assigned project groups and instructor. in person type, days/times/locations to be arranged by instructor. Note that students are expected to arrange a minimum of 12 hours/week to their project work. This time commitment will be set as a contract at the beginning of the semester.

ECE 4991 - 001 CE Senior Thesis I

ECE 4991 - 001 CE Senior Thesis I

  • Class Number: 4365
  • Instructor: STEVENS, KENNETH S
  • Component: Special Projects
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 2.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 22

ECE 4992 - 001 CE Senior Thesis II

ECE 4992 - 001 CE Senior Thesis II

  • Class Number: 18746
  • Instructor: STEVENS, KENNETH S
  • Component: Special Projects
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 2.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 5201 - 001 Phys of Nano-Elec Dev


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5201 - 001 Phys of Nano-Elec Dev

  • Class Number: 11633
  • Instructor: TABIB-AZAR, MASSOOD
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $32.94
  • Seats Available: 26

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5201 - 090 Phys of Nano-Elec Dev


This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5201 - 090 Phys of Nano-Elec Dev

  • Class Number: 11050
  • Instructor: TABIB-AZAR, MASSOOD
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $32.94
  • Seats Available: 15

This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5221 - 001 Micromachining


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5221 - 001 Micromachining

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: SANT, HIMANSHU J
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $208.24
  • Seats Available: 3

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5221 - 002 Micromachining

ECE 5221 - 002 Micromachining

  • Class Number: 14918
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 3

ECE 5320 - 001 Microwave Eng I


Sections 2 - 3 belong to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5320 - 001 Microwave Eng I

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: BENOIT, EVAN J
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Hybrid & IVC
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $102.65
  • Seats Available: 14

Sections 2 - 3 belong to this lecture. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5320 - 002 Microwave Eng I


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5320 - 002 Microwave Eng I

  • Class Number: 4825
  • Instructor: BENOIT, EVAN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 10

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5320 - 003 Microwave Eng I


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5320 - 003 Microwave Eng I

  • Class Number: 5632
  • Instructor: BENOIT, EVAN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 6

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5331 - 001 Optics for Energy


In this class, we will study the exciting intersection of optics and the engineering challenges associated with generation, distribution and utilization of energy through the lens of innovation and commercialization. Technically, we will cover the basics of non-imaging optics, which will allow us to apply these concepts to the design of optical sub-systems for applications including solar concentrators, solar thermal systems, solar cooling, desalination, daylighting, etc. We will also study the science and engineering of sunlight measurement, strategies of light management for solar cells, resource recycling, as well as learn about exciting new technologies brewing in labs around the world. The class is offered with maximum flexibility with in-person, IVC and fully-online options. A huge motivation to learn, and to apply your technical skills to address one of the seminal challenges of our time is expected. Pre-requisite: approval of instructor if you are outside of College of Engineering. The course counts towards Environmental & Sustainability Studies majors (undergraduates), and the Interdisciplinary graduate certificates in Sustainability (graduate students). Find details here.

ECE 5331 - 001 Optics for Energy

  • Class Number: 11081
  • Instructor: MENON, RAJESH
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Seats Available: 19

In this class, we will study the exciting intersection of optics and the engineering challenges associated with generation, distribution and utilization of energy through the lens of innovation and commercialization. Technically, we will cover the basics of non-imaging optics, which will allow us to apply these concepts to the design of optical sub-systems for applications including solar concentrators, solar thermal systems, solar cooling, desalination, daylighting, etc. We will also study the science and engineering of sunlight measurement, strategies of light management for solar cells, resource recycling, as well as learn about exciting new technologies brewing in labs around the world. The class is offered with maximum flexibility with in-person, IVC and fully-online options. A huge motivation to learn, and to apply your technical skills to address one of the seminal challenges of our time is expected. Pre-requisite: approval of instructor if you are outside of College of Engineering. The course counts towards Environmental & Sustainability Studies majors (undergraduates), and the Interdisciplinary graduate certificates in Sustainability (graduate students). Find details here.

ECE 5331 - 002 Optics for Energy

ECE 5331 - 002 Optics for Energy

  • Class Number: 15938
  • Instructor: MENON, RAJESH
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 1

ECE 5331 - 090 Optics for Energy

ECE 5331 - 090 Optics for Energy

  • Class Number: 15937
  • Instructor: MENON, RAJESH
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 3.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 11

ECE 5350 - 001 Comp EM w/ Comm Solvers

ECE 5350 - 001 Comp EM w/ Comm Solvers

  • Class Number: 8399
  • Instructor: SCHURIG, DAVID A
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 7

ECE 5360 - 001 Bioinstrumentation

ECE 5360 - 001 Bioinstrumentation

  • Class Number: 18659
  • Instructor: SANCHEZ TERRONES, BENJAMIN
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Hybrid & IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

ECE 5410 - 001 Optics I


“The invention of lasers sets the arguably most important milestone in broad areas of photonics and optoelectronics. Their invention has far-reaching implications not only on the advancement of fundamental studies of light-matter interaction but also on the creation of a countless number of applications, spanning both well-develop areas including optical communications and sensing, medical imaging and diagnostics, data storage and retrieval, and emerging technologies such as virtual reality, optical artificial intelligence accelerators, and optical quantum computing. This is an introductory lecture/laboratory course in photonics and optoelectronics. The main emphasis of the course is to provide a knowledge base in photonics and optoelectronics to understand, design, and use optical systems for a variety of applications via the understanding of the generation, modulation, propagation, and detection of coherent light. Some knowledge in electromagnetics is assumed, but background specifically pertaining to photonics will be covered throughout. This course also provides the necessary background for other optics courses. A few hands-on simulation labs/projects will be included.” The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5410 - 001 Optics I

  • Class Number: 12767
  • Instructor: BLAIR, STEVEN M
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $175.90
  • Seats Available: 4

“The invention of lasers sets the arguably most important milestone in broad areas of photonics and optoelectronics. Their invention has far-reaching implications not only on the advancement of fundamental studies of light-matter interaction but also on the creation of a countless number of applications, spanning both well-develop areas including optical communications and sensing, medical imaging and diagnostics, data storage and retrieval, and emerging technologies such as virtual reality, optical artificial intelligence accelerators, and optical quantum computing. This is an introductory lecture/laboratory course in photonics and optoelectronics. The main emphasis of the course is to provide a knowledge base in photonics and optoelectronics to understand, design, and use optical systems for a variety of applications via the understanding of the generation, modulation, propagation, and detection of coherent light. Some knowledge in electromagnetics is assumed, but background specifically pertaining to photonics will be covered throughout. This course also provides the necessary background for other optics courses. A few hands-on simulation labs/projects will be included.” The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5510 - 001 Random Process

ECE 5510 - 001 Random Process

  • Class Number: 19972
  • Instructor: Zhou, Yi
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 28

ECE 5510 - 090 Random Process

ECE 5510 - 090 Random Process

  • Class Number: 1255
  • Instructor: Zhou, Yi
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 14

ECE 5625 - 001 Power System Protection


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5625 - 001 Power System Protection

  • Class Number: 18568
  • Instructor: PALMER, JOHN A
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $95.29
  • Seats Available: 11

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5630 - 001 Power System Economics

ECE 5630 - 001 Power System Economics

  • Class Number: 10606
  • Instructor: PARVANIA, MASOOD
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 5
  • Class Number: 18761
  • Instructor: HOLLERBACH, JOHN M
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 27
  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: BODSON, MARC
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 7

ECE 5671 - 002 Electric Generators


Registration in the 002 lab will automatically enroll you in the 001 lecture

ECE 5671 - 002 Electric Generators

  • Class Number: 14020
  • Instructor: BODSON, MARC
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 7

Registration in the 002 lab will automatically enroll you in the 001 lecture

ECE 5671 - 090 Electric Generators


This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/

ECE 5671 - 090 Electric Generators

  • Class Number: 14024
  • Instructor: BODSON, MARC
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 5

This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/

ECE 5710 - 001 Digital VLSI Design


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5710 - 001 Digital VLSI Design

  • Class Number: 19044
  • Instructor: SNELGROVE, ASHTON R
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Fees: $59.18
  • Seats Available: 23

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5720 - 001 Fund. Analog IC Design


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5720 - 001 Fund. Analog IC Design

  • Class Number: 12137
  • Instructor: TAJALLI, SEYED ARMIN
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $103.53
  • Seats Available: 15

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 5960 - 001 TA Training

ECE 5960 - 001 TA Training

  • Class Number: 20129
  • Instructor: VERKLER, AMY V
  • Component: Special Topics
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 1.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Seats Available: 6

ECE 5960 - 003 Special Topics


ECE 5960: 003 Robotic Millisystems A survey of the current state and future outlook for millimeter and centimeter-scale robots, as well as a detailed discussion of the engineering design process for these highly resource-constrained systems. Fundamental principles of the sensors, actuators, and embedded electronics constituting robotic millisystems. Low power and computationally efficient perception, communication, and control strategies. System development approaches including computational and user-centered design methods. Overview of important underlying technical skills including numerical methods, CAD, device layout, and microfabrication. Material will culminate in an academically-relevant research project with written and presented components.

ECE 5960 - 003 Special Topics

  • Class Number: 18569
  • Instructor: DREW, DANIEL S
  • Component: Special Topics
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 4

ECE 5960: 003 Robotic Millisystems A survey of the current state and future outlook for millimeter and centimeter-scale robots, as well as a detailed discussion of the engineering design process for these highly resource-constrained systems. Fundamental principles of the sensors, actuators, and embedded electronics constituting robotic millisystems. Low power and computationally efficient perception, communication, and control strategies. System development approaches including computational and user-centered design methods. Overview of important underlying technical skills including numerical methods, CAD, device layout, and microfabrication. Material will culminate in an academically-relevant research project with written and presented components.

ECE 5960 - 006 Linear Systems

ECE 5960 - 006 Linear Systems

  • Class Number: 12768
  • Instructor: Liu, Mingxi
  • Component: Special Topics
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

ECE 5960 - 011 Special Topics


Mathematical tools for neural data analysis and modeling. The course covers a set of mathematical and statistical methods that are fundamental for analyzing and modeling neural/cognitive data and neural signal and information processing, which are practiced through extensive computational exercises. The tentative topics include linear algebra, least-squares regression, eigen-analysis and PCA, linear shift-invariant systems, convolution, Fourier transforms, Nyquist sampling, basics of probability and statistics, hypothesis testing, model comparison, bootstrapping, estimation and decision theory, signal detection theory, classification, linear discriminants, clustering, simple models of neural spike generation, white noise (reverse-correlation) analysis, and if time permits information theory, generalized linear models. The course is intended for students from quantitative backgrounds, including engineering, math, statistics, computer science, physics, neuroscience, psychology.

ECE 5960 - 011 Special Topics

  • Class Number: 13954
  • Instructor: NATEGH, NEDA
  • Component: Special Topics
  • Type: Hybrid & IVC
  • Units: 0.5 - 6.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 9

Mathematical tools for neural data analysis and modeling. The course covers a set of mathematical and statistical methods that are fundamental for analyzing and modeling neural/cognitive data and neural signal and information processing, which are practiced through extensive computational exercises. The tentative topics include linear algebra, least-squares regression, eigen-analysis and PCA, linear shift-invariant systems, convolution, Fourier transforms, Nyquist sampling, basics of probability and statistics, hypothesis testing, model comparison, bootstrapping, estimation and decision theory, signal detection theory, classification, linear discriminants, clustering, simple models of neural spike generation, white noise (reverse-correlation) analysis, and if time permits information theory, generalized linear models. The course is intended for students from quantitative backgrounds, including engineering, math, statistics, computer science, physics, neuroscience, psychology.

ECE 5960 - 020 Physical Design Algorithms


Physical Design Algorithms. The course will teach fundamental algorithms for physical design with hands-on programming experience.

ECE 5960 - 020 Physical Design Algorithms

  • Class Number: 18751
  • Instructor: Huang, Tsung-Wei
  • Component: Special Topics
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 20

Physical Design Algorithms. The course will teach fundamental algorithms for physical design with hands-on programming experience.

ECE 5960 - 090 Special Topics


Mathematical tools for neural data analysis and modeling The course covers a set of mathematical and statistical methods that are fundamental for analyzing and modeling neural/cognitive data and neural signal and information processing, which are practiced through extensive computational exercises. The tentative topics include linear algebra, least-squares regression, eigen-analysis and PCA, linear shift-invariant systems, convolution, Fourier transforms, Nyquist sampling, basics of probability and statistics, hypothesis testing, model comparison, bootstrapping, estimation and decision theory, signal detection theory, classification, linear discriminants, clustering, simple models of neural spike generation, white noise (reverse-correlation) analysis, and if time permits information theory, generalized linear models. The course is intended for students from quantitative backgrounds, including engineering, math, statistics, computer science, physics, neuroscience, psychology.

ECE 5960 - 090 Special Topics

  • Class Number: 14406
  • Instructor: NATEGH, NEDA
  • Component: Special Topics
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 8

Mathematical tools for neural data analysis and modeling The course covers a set of mathematical and statistical methods that are fundamental for analyzing and modeling neural/cognitive data and neural signal and information processing, which are practiced through extensive computational exercises. The tentative topics include linear algebra, least-squares regression, eigen-analysis and PCA, linear shift-invariant systems, convolution, Fourier transforms, Nyquist sampling, basics of probability and statistics, hypothesis testing, model comparison, bootstrapping, estimation and decision theory, signal detection theory, classification, linear discriminants, clustering, simple models of neural spike generation, white noise (reverse-correlation) analysis, and if time permits information theory, generalized linear models. The course is intended for students from quantitative backgrounds, including engineering, math, statistics, computer science, physics, neuroscience, psychology.

ECE 6221 - 001 Micromachining


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6221 - 001 Micromachining

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: SANT, HIMANSHU J
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $208.24
  • Seats Available: 7

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6221 - 002 Micromachining

ECE 6221 - 002 Micromachining

  • Class Number: 14921
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 7

ECE 6261 - 002 Phys Theory Semicon Dev


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6261 - 002 Phys Theory Semicon Dev

  • Class Number: 16700
  • Instructor: TABIB-AZAR, MASSOOD
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $32.94
  • Seats Available: -2

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6322 - 001 Microwave Eng I


Sections 2 - 3 belong to this course. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6322 - 001 Microwave Eng I

  • Class Number:
  • Instructor: BENOIT, EVAN J
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Hybrid & IVC
  • Units: 4.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $102.65
  • Seats Available: 6

Sections 2 - 3 belong to this course. This course requires registration for a lab section. Students will be automatically registered for this lecture section when registering for the pertinent lab section. The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6322 - 002 Microwave Eng I


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6322 - 002 Microwave Eng I

  • Class Number: 5567
  • Instructor: BENOIT, EVAN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 1

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6322 - 003 Microwave Eng I


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6322 - 003 Microwave Eng I

  • Class Number: 5936
  • Instructor: BENOIT, EVAN J
  • Component: Laboratory
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: --
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 3

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6331 - 001 Optics for Energy


In this class, we will study the exciting intersection of optics and the engineering challenges associated with generation, distribution and utilization of energy through the lens of innovation and commercialization. Technically, we will cover the basics of non-imaging optics, which will allow us to apply these concepts to the design of optical sub-systems for applications including solar concentrators, solar thermal systems, solar cooling, desalination, daylighting, etc. We will also study the science and engineering of sunlight measurement, strategies of light management for solar cells, resource recycling, as well as learn about exciting new technologies brewing in labs around the world. The class is offered with maximum flexibility with in-person, IVC and fully-online options. A huge motivation to learn, and to apply your technical skills to address one of the seminal challenges of our time is expected. Pre-requisite: approval of instructor if you are outside of College of Engineering. The course counts towards Environmental & Sustainability Studies majors (undergraduates), and the Interdisciplinary graduate certificates in Sustainability (graduate students). Find details here.

ECE 6331 - 001 Optics for Energy

  • Class Number: 11082
  • Instructor: MENON, RAJESH
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Seats Available: 9

In this class, we will study the exciting intersection of optics and the engineering challenges associated with generation, distribution and utilization of energy through the lens of innovation and commercialization. Technically, we will cover the basics of non-imaging optics, which will allow us to apply these concepts to the design of optical sub-systems for applications including solar concentrators, solar thermal systems, solar cooling, desalination, daylighting, etc. We will also study the science and engineering of sunlight measurement, strategies of light management for solar cells, resource recycling, as well as learn about exciting new technologies brewing in labs around the world. The class is offered with maximum flexibility with in-person, IVC and fully-online options. A huge motivation to learn, and to apply your technical skills to address one of the seminal challenges of our time is expected. Pre-requisite: approval of instructor if you are outside of College of Engineering. The course counts towards Environmental & Sustainability Studies majors (undergraduates), and the Interdisciplinary graduate certificates in Sustainability (graduate students). Find details here.

ECE 6331 - 002 Optics for Energy

ECE 6331 - 002 Optics for Energy

  • Class Number: 15939
  • Instructor: MENON, RAJESH
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 2

ECE 6331 - 090 Optics for Energy


This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/.

ECE 6331 - 090 Optics for Energy

  • Class Number: 11083
  • Instructor: MENON, RAJESH
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Online
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 12

This is an online course, which does not have a specific meeting time or location throughout the semester. For additional information, please visit https://online.utah.edu/about-online-learning/.

ECE 6350 - 001 Comp EM w/ Comm Solvers

ECE 6350 - 001 Comp EM w/ Comm Solvers

  • Class Number: 8400
  • Instructor: SCHURIG, DAVID A
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 9

ECE 6360 - 001 Bioinstrumentation

ECE 6360 - 001 Bioinstrumentation

  • Class Number: 18661
  • Instructor: SANCHEZ TERRONES, BENJAMIN
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: Hybrid & IVC
  • Units: 3.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 5

ECE 6440 - 001 Integrtd Optcs, Sensors


NEW COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course covers fundamental theory of guided waves and integrated optical devices. Specifically, it will consists of following topics: (1) Introduction and wave basics; (2) Analytical mode analysis for slab waveguides; (3) Dispersion relationship in waveguides; (4) Analytical and numerical mode analysis for rectangular waveguides; (5) Waveguide bends; (6) Waveguide coupling and coupled mode theory; (7) Scattering matrix method for analyzing photonic circuits; (8) Optical resonators and coupled resonator array; (9) Nonlinear optical effects in waveguides and resonators; (10) Waveguide gratings and 1D photonic crystal; (11) 2D photonic crystal waveguides and cavities; (12) Selected current research topics. A few numerical simulation assignments, and a final presentation and term paper are included.

ECE 6440 - 001 Integrtd Optcs, Sensors

  • Class Number: 18388
  • Instructor: GAO, WEILU
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 11

NEW COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course covers fundamental theory of guided waves and integrated optical devices. Specifically, it will consists of following topics: (1) Introduction and wave basics; (2) Analytical mode analysis for slab waveguides; (3) Dispersion relationship in waveguides; (4) Analytical and numerical mode analysis for rectangular waveguides; (5) Waveguide bends; (6) Waveguide coupling and coupled mode theory; (7) Scattering matrix method for analyzing photonic circuits; (8) Optical resonators and coupled resonator array; (9) Nonlinear optical effects in waveguides and resonators; (10) Waveguide gratings and 1D photonic crystal; (11) 2D photonic crystal waveguides and cavities; (12) Selected current research topics. A few numerical simulation assignments, and a final presentation and term paper are included.

ECE 6532 - 001 Digital Image Proc


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6532 - 001 Digital Image Proc

  • Class Number: 9206
  • Instructor: TASDIZEN, TOLGA
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $32.94
  • Seats Available: -2

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6550 - 001 Adaptive Filters

ECE 6550 - 001 Adaptive Filters

  • Class Number: 18949
  • Instructor: FARHANG, BEHROUZ
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Seats Available: 17

ECE 6625 - 001 Power System Protection


The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6625 - 001 Power System Protection

  • Class Number: 18574
  • Instructor: PALMER, JOHN A
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Fees: $95.29
  • Seats Available: 12

The course fee covers digital course materials through the Inclusive Access program. Students may request to opt out here: https://portal.verba.io/utah/login

ECE 6630 - 001 Power System Economics

ECE 6630 - 001 Power System Economics

  • Class Number: 10607
  • Instructor: PARVANIA, MASOOD
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 4
  • Class Number: 18900
  • Instructor: HOLLERBACH, JOHN M
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Wait List: No
  • Seats Available: 0

ECE 6654 - 001 Neuro Eng & Neuro Robot


This course is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Students should have a background in basic biology, basic circuits, and programming in MATLAB.”

ECE 6654 - 001 Neuro Eng & Neuro Robot

  • Class Number: 18673
  • Instructor: GEORGE, JACOB A
  • Component: Lecture
  • Type: In Person
  • Units: 3.0
  • Requisites: Yes
  • Wait List: Yes
  • Fees: $92.00
  • Seats Available: -1

This course is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Students should have a background in basic biology, basic circuits, and programming in MATLAB.”